galatians 3:13 commentary
Sac. In this respect it would seem as if the symbolism of the scapegoat (which is sometimes adduced in explanation of the present passage) was imperfectly applicable. Ray Stedman: Galatians: Don’t Submit Again to the Slaves Yoke [, , Translated] Peninsula Bible Church. ᾿επικατάρατος πᾶς ὁ κρεμάμενος ἐπὶ ξύλου—“Cursed is every one that hangeth upon a tree.” The quotation is taken freely from Deuteronomy 21:22-23. But Paul now seizes on the fact and makes it something glorious. This is in simple terms Paul"s Christian interpretation of Christ"s death on the cross." If the Law shows every person to be under God"s curse, how can we escape God"s wrath? Not as sometimes put crudely by some, but certainly as a reality. Gal 3:14. In the original the criminal executed under sentence of the Law is pronounced κεκαταραμένος ὑπὸ θεοῦ, so that the Law is affirmed to be the voice of God, carrying with it the fulness of divine sanction. The Law pronounced a blessing and a curse; but since it made no allowance for human infirmity, the blessing proved barren in result; while the curse, which invoked the just wrath of an offended God for the punishment of the guilty, proved, on the contrary, fruitful in condemnation. One of the most momentous of these questions finds a solution. 6 (§ 202), ὁ δὲ βλασφημήσας θεὸν καταλευσθεὶς κρεμάσθω διʼ ἡμέρας καὶ ἀτίμως καὶ ἀφανῶς θαπτέσθω. What did Paul say about racial, class, and gender barriers with regard to the congregations of Christ? To be crucified was clearly evidence that they had come under the curse of God. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/galatians-3.html. 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who is hung on a pole.”  14 He redeemed us in order that the blessing given to Abraham might come to the Gentiles through Christ Jesus, so that by faith we might receive the promise of the Spirit. The curse of the non-fulfillment of the law affects the Gentiles through the Jews; for the law represents that righteousness which God requires of all-which, since the Jews failed to fulfil, the Gentiles must equally fail. BibliographyPett, Peter. Paul is not saying that the law is a curse, but that the law has a curse—death. Neither Jew nor Gentile who is in Christ is any more responsible to struggle to keep the ordinances of the Law. The clear result is then that we are no longer under the Law’s jurisdiction. Deuteronomy 21:23 "His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged [is] accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance. "The curse of the Law" is the curse pronounced on the law-breaker by the Law ( Deuteronomy 27:26; cf. Commentary on Galatians 3:23-25 (Read Galatians 3:23-25) The law did not teach a living, saving knowledge; but, by its rites and ceremonies, especially by its sacrifices, it pointed to Christ, that they might be justified by faith. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/galatians-3.html. Being made , [ genomenos (Greek #1096)] - 'having become.'. Gal 3:1 - O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, ... Gal 3:13 - Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: Tools. He had to become a man like His brethren save in sin, and to endure the penalty denounced on malefactors and hang on the accursed cross, as if He had been guilty like them.— γενόμενος κατάρα. Hebrew thought tended to identify the man on whom a curse was laid with the curse, as it identified the sin-offering with the sin, calling it ἁμαρτία (Leviticus 4:21-25). Learn more Start my trial Back . See Prof. Lightfoot's note on the subject. (Galatians 3:10). Written (Deuteronomy 21:23). "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Men's Ministry Home Women's Ministry Home Children's Ministry Home Pastor's Ministry Home. 3:13 Christ - Christ alone. The verb "is written" is a perfect tense, something that was written in the past, something that remains written even now, and something that will always be written into the future to a time of completion. Redeemed—The Greek word signifies to buy off; to redeem, as from slavery. Freed from the curse through faith in Him who bore it, why should they be so rigid and undutiful in enjoining that law on the Gentiles? 'He was called a curse for my sake who does away my curse' (Gregory Nazianzene). BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. And this declaration was a continuous stumbling-block, as Jerome testifies, and as may be seen in Tertullian, Adversus Judaeos, § 10, Opera, vol. The original passage refers to criminals executed under the Jewish Law, and commands the speedy burial of their dead bodies before sunset in opposition to the vindictive practices prevailing in Palestine among the surrounding nations of nailing up unburied bodies in public places (cf. [Note: Fung, pp149-50. It was impossible for us to free ourselves from the curse, but what we find impossible, God did through Christ (Romans 8:1-4)!" Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/galatians-3.html. A curse for us - having become what we were, in our behalf [ huper (Greek #5228) heemoon (Greek #2257): Philem 13 sanctions also 'in our stead'], "a curse," that we might cease to be it. (See Note on Galatians 1:4.). "That we might receive the promise of the Spirit" (Galatians 3:14) refers to both Jews and Gentiles. The simple verb occurs 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:23; 2 Peter 2:1; Revelation 5:9; Revelation 14:3-4. It can be translated ransom - a price paid to another to gain something back from domination. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". It was done in the past, on the cross and it remains done for all time. Many are the passages of the Old that open the secrets of the New. Some do not like the idea of substitution but it is written plainly here (and in Mark 10:45). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/galatians-3.html. For it is written, “Cursed is every one who hangs on a tree”.’. The other: ‘Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree’ (Galatians 3:13). 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:23, “Ye are (were) bought with a price;” 2 Peter 2:1, “The Lord that bought them;” Revelation 5:9, “Thou wast slain and hast redeemed (bought) us to God by thy blood;” Revelation 14:4, “These were redeemed (bought) from among men.” The word used in these passages, as well as in that before us, is the general word for “buying.” But that the “buying” intended is that more definitely conveyed by the idea of “ransom” appears from the use of the special word for ransom in Matthew 20:28 ( = Mark 10:45), “The Son of Man came to give His life a ransom for many;” 1 Timothy 2:6, “Who gave Himself a ransom for all.” The word commonly translated “redemption” (Romans 3:24; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Ephesians 1:7; Ephesians 1:14; Ephesians 4:30; Colossians 1:14; Hebrews 9:15) also contains the same special idea of “a ransoming.”. ], "Christ has done all that is necessary and his death is the means of making sinners free." ", "Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the LORD. The rendering of the Peshito, of the Targum of Jonathan, and of the Greek translators Aquila, Symmachus, and Theodotion, is a modification of this view. The Gentile Galatians, by putting themselves under it, were involving themselves in the curse from which Christ redeemed the Jews primarily, and through them the Gentiles. Rather they help you to learn the message of the scripture. 1874-1909. And His death acted (in some inscrutable way) so as to propitiate the wrath of God. Greek. The manner of the death, besides being in consonance with prophecy, was a visible proof and symbol of its real nature; for “He bore our sins on His own body on the tree.” He bore the curse of a broken law, and the mode of His death signally showed that He became a curse, for, by being suspended on a stake, He became in the express terms of the law a curse. This is in simple terms Paul"s Christian interpretation of Christ"s death on the cross. We will see a little more on this in the next verse and find that this idea of "us" is not necessarily true. "For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them. The literal application derives no countenance from the present passage, but is rather contradicted by it. "Commentary on Galatians 3:13". Learn more. Elsewhere in the N.T., with the exception of its use in the phrase [τὸ] ξύλον [τῆς] ζωῆς, ξύλον always means dead wood. The whole place is given in our version thus: “And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree; his body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.” The clause “and he be to be put to death,” is properly “he be put to death,” for crucifixion was not a Hebrew punishment. Us.—In the first instance, “the Jews,” but not to be confined too strictly to them. This verse states that Christ redeemed us, becoming a curse for us. Bibliography"Commentary on Galatians 3:13". Scripture Galatians 3 Sort Bible Verse. Compare Matthew 20:28; 1 Timothy 2:6; 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:23; Titus 2:14. This curse, he points out, did not arise from His own deserts. Ga) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools Hung between heaven and each as though unworthy of either. Who has bewitched you that you should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed among you as crucified? If He had not died they must have died. 1909-1922. The Hebrew of the clause is להִיםתָּלוּי ø כִּיאּ קִלְלַת אַ-for he that is hanged is accursed of God; the Greek, ὅτι κεκατηραμένος ὑπὸ θεοῦ πᾶς κρεμάμενος ἐπὶ ξύλου. The idea is, indeed, distinctly expressed in this very passage; but it must be gathered from the context, not from the use of the preposition. He went as the One Who represented us to die on our behalf and in our stead. The proof that Christ became a curse for us was the fact that His executioners hung Him on a tree. Nevertheless, notwithstanding Lightfoot’s putting of this last point, Paul’s translation would seem as suitable to the reproachful purpose of the Jews as the other. "Commentary on Galatians 3:13". Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Galatians 4:4-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Whereas many of Paul’s letters were written to churches in a particular city, such as Rome or Corinth, this letter was written to “the assemblies of Galatia”—a region in the central part of what we know today as Turkey. The apostle in this chapter, I. Reproves the Galatians for their folly, in suffering themselves to be drawn away from the faith of the gospel, and endeavours, from several considerations, to impress them with a sense of it. Bähr and Hofmann suppose the words to be omitted on purpose to keep out the idea expressed, as, among other grounds, it might be a stumbling-block to the unsettled Galatians. Christ “bought off” the human race from the penalty of its sins, the price paid being His death. And now Paul gets to the essence of the salvation provided in Jesus Christ. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. Our hope is not in keeping the law. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/galatians-3.html. The universal law, represented by the Masaic law, condemned the Gentiles, though with less clear consciousness on their part, (Romans 2:1-29) God's 'wrath,' revealed by the law of conscience, prepared them for appreciating redemption from the law's curse through Christ. Galatians 3:13 German Bible Alphabetical: a become becoming by Christ curse Cursed everyone for from hangs having hung is it law of on redeemed the tree tree- us us-for who written NT Letters: Galatians 3:13 Christ redeemed us from the curse (Gal. BibliographySchaff, Philip. Do feel free to make copies for friends that might be interested as long as you do not make profit from the copies. Christ — Christ alone; the abruptness of the sentence shows a holy indignation at those who reject so great a blessing; hath redeemed us — Or, hath bought us off, whether Jews or Gentiles; from the curse of the law — The curse which the law denounces against all transgressors of it, or the punishment threatened to them. Genesis 22:6), not by the neck, but by the hands: such criminals were accursed (cf. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/galatians-3.html. "The Law held us under its curse, but Christ bought us from the curse by becoming a curse for us. See under Ephesians 1:7; Ephesians 5:2; Ephesians 5:25; Colossians 1:14. Here's a Bible study quiz from Galatians chapters 3 and 4. The aorist verb ἐξηγόρασεν—“bought us out,” redeemed or ransomed-corresponds very much to the other terms employed elsewhere- λυτρόω, ἀπολύτρωσις. ÏÎ±Î¼ÎÎ½Î¿Ï á½Ïá½¸ ÎÎµÎ¿á¿¦ Ïá¾¶Ï ÎºÏÎµÎ¼Î¬Î¼ÎµÎ½Î¿Ï á¼Ïá½¶ Î¾ÏÎ»Î¿Ï, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the Law. Kenneth Boa: 59. II. Of course Deuteronomy 21:23 does not refer to crucifixion or impaling alive, but to the hanging or impaling of a dead body (Joshua 10:26; 2 Samuel 4:12) as an additional disgrace. If the law, as seems clear, be the Mosaic law or the published law of God, then its curse lay upon the Jews who were guilty of violating it, and to them the threatening of Galatians 3:10 applies. Leah: The Woman No Man Loved But Every Woman Envied (Gen. 29:15-35) … A man so hanged was a curse, and was not on that account to remain exposed all night, because the land had been consecrated to God. Acts 5:30; Acts 10:39). A "Shorter Commentary on Galatians" - verse by verse - 193 pages - Garlington wrote the Galatians commentary portion for the respected multi-authored commentary, the Expositor's Bible Commentary (EBC) edited by Gaebelein - this "shorter commentary" is actually longer than his EBC work, and actually represents a "summary" of his 440 page commentary Sermon Bible Commentary. Spanish translation available. And all the people shall say, Amen. (That is why later they referred to Jesus derisively as ‘the hanged one’). 2 Corinthians 5:21 : ‘Him [Christ] who knew no sin He [God] made to be sin [stronger than sinner] for us (or, on our behalf); that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.’—‘For us,’ on our behalf, for our sakes. A curse—The object cursed, as being an embodiment of the condemnation, is energetically called the curse itself. From the curse of the law - The curse of God, which the law denounces against alltransgressors of it. Galatians 3:10). 2012. He stood for the every one who continueth not, by becoming the very one who hung upon the tree.’. All of our resources exist to guide you toward everlasting joy in Jesus Christ. The Jews, in contempt, call Him 'the hanged one' [ tolwiy (Hebrew #8518)], and Christians, 'worshippers of the hanged one;' and make it their great objection that He died the accursed death (Trypho, in Justin Martyr, p. 249; 1 Peter 2:24). It is not the accumulated penalty for the whole mass of human disobedience, but rather an incidental defilement, contracted by an in-voluntary breach of a particular ceremonial precept. Rashi, for example, says “It is a slight to the King, because man is made in the likeness of His image.” The same objective construction underlies the words of Josephus, Ant. "Have ye suffered so many things in vain? Deuteronomy 27:26 "Cursed [be] he that confirmeth not [all] the words of this law to do them. Our Saviour fulfilled the legal curse by hanging dead on the cross. See further Lightfoot’s additional note, p. 150, and Driver on Deut. III. Christ died as such a criminal, and so came under the curse. 1879-90. Galatians 3:13 New International Version << Galatians 2 | Galatians 3 | Galatians 4 >> 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: "Cursed is everyone who is hung on a pole." The Jews, and no doubt Paul himself in earlier persecuting days, made much of the fact that Jesus died on a cross and had thus come under a curse. Bible study tool. On the one hand He was our representative, going there for us, and on the other He was our substitute, taking our place. 1896. As it is written.—The way in which the curse of the Law fell upon Christ was through His death. Compare Usteri, Paulin. Just a little freebie here, the first Deuteronomy passage is a great illustration of how the Old Testament helps us know and interpret the New Testament. The idea is deliverance by ransom. Stallbaum. Galatians  Part of the series: Visual Survey of the Bible. Lightfoot conjectures that the other rendering obtained currency in later times, when the Jewish patriots were often impaled by the Syrians or crucified by the Romans, and kept exposed until they putrefied and disintegrated on the cross. SERIES 29 OF 41: Martin Luther | rss | more SERMON ACTIVITY: This MP3 sermon was last played: 4 days ago | more » FEATURE SERMON; TEXT-FEATURE; Featuring a sermon puts it on the front page of the site and is the most effective way to bring this sermon to the attention of thousands including all mobile platforms + newsletter. In the case of the scapegoat, the high priest was to lay his hands upon his head, and to “confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat;” and the goat was to “bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited” (Leviticus 16:21-22). Elsewhere, Galatians 4:5. The word used here is more general in its meaning; the other is strictly appropriated to a ransom. 1974. It occurs in the New Testament only in this place, and in, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, cursed is everyone that hangeth on a tree, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Galatians 3:13-14. "Commentary on Galatians 3:13". Nothing more than this is said. There it stopped short. Though the Gentiles do not come directly under “the curse of the Law,” they came under God’s condemnation. Galatians 3:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Galatians 3:13, NIV: "Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: 'Cursed is everyone who is hung on a pole.'" St Paul, however, does not quote the passage to illustrate the mode of death, but the place on which a person hangs. 557). See note, 2 Corinthians 5:21. 13. Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, I. Commentary on Galatians 3:23-29 View Bible Text . “he that is hanged is a curse of God”) is essentially also that of Aquila and Theodotion (κατάρα θεοῦ κρεμάμενος), and is doubtless right, but it is possible for the Hebrew to mean “is a curse, i.e. It is to be observed, in considering the doctrinal bearings of this passage, that the curse which fell upon Christ was not the same curse as that described above as the consequence of human guilt in failing to keep the requirements of the Law. So 2 Corinthians 5:21, "sin for us;" not sinful, but bearing the whole sin of our race, regarded as one vast aggregate (see note). Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree: The term redeemed has many thoughts. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. All rights reserved. The vicarious efficacy lies not so much in the preposition ‘for,’ as in the whole sentence. Latest Articles. Galatians 3:13. The ignominious death by which He died was one to which the curse of God specially attached. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Proof that κατάρα is true. He has taken what is on record against us and has nailed it to His cross, evidence that it has been paid. § 96, Opera, vol. Men needed a ransom, for the Law had left them prisoners under sentence of death, and Christ had Himself to pay the price. p. 727, ed. In Galatians 3-4 we come to the doctrinal portion of the letter. Bob Deffinbaugh: 39. Used by Permission. The death of Christ involved a curse because the manner of it was by suspension from a cross. Us—Some commentators (including Alford) limit this us to the Jews, inasmuch as the law here quoted is Mosaic law. The preposition in a compound verb in the later Greek is not to be unduly pressed, as Ellicott remarks, and as Thiersch has illustrated, De Pent. So the very means of Christ's death showed it to be an accursed death. It can mean to buy with ones own belongings something from another for ones own use. Suspension from a stake (though ξύλον in later Greek and in the New Testament signifies also a living tree) was a posthumous degradation awarded to certain classes of criminals put to death probably by stoning. And because He died we can live, for the curse of the Law has been removed from us and has been borne by Himself. Still later, this last rendering served against Christians, as it enabled the Jews to hold that the crucified Jesus was an insult to God. The first thing that Christianity does is to undo this result of the Law by deliverance from the curse. The mode in which the action asserted by the verb was done is told by the following participial clause-. Hath redeemed us - Whether Jews or gentiles, at an high price. The curse identifies itself with its object: seizes, as it were, upon the person of its victim. The ransom-price was his own precious blood (1 Peter 1:18-19 : cf. 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